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The genus Fuchsia was named after one of the founding fathers of botany, the German doctor Leonhart Fuchs, who lived in the 16th century.

The center of diversity of the genus Fuchsia is located in the mountainous regions ranging from Central America to Patagonia, though isolated populations are also found in New Zealand and Tahiti. Fuchsias are well-known to home gardeners, especially hybrid fuchsias made by crossing one or more species.

The preferred habitat of most species of fuchsia are mountain rain forests with lots of precipitation. Their brightly-colored flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds. To protect the nectar from being thinned out by rain, the flowers hang downward. For hummingbirds, acrobats of the air, it’s no problem to reach the blossoms. They simply hover beneath the flower and insert their beaks to suck out the nectar.

Audio file download
Fuchsia (MP3, 411 KB)

Audio production and copyright: Soundgarden Audioguidance GmbH
Text: Günter Gerlach, Botanischer Garten München-Nymphenburg

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